15 October 2020 the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has passed an important sentence (ref. C-335/19), concerning the possibility of applying relief for bad debts and the incompatibility of Polish VAT regulations with EU law in this area.
The sentence of the Polish Supreme Administrative Court (NSA) of 14 January 2020 introduced significant changes in the interpretation of tax regulations concerning the carry forward the tax surplus to the following accounting period. The Polish Supreme Administrative Court (NSA) ruled that the 5-year limitation period applies also to the surplus of input tax, with the consequence that it cannot be carried forward endlessly.
On 29 October, Polish Vice-Minister of Finance @Jan Sarnowski and Dutch Ambassador Daphne Bergsma signed the Protocol amending the Convention on the avoidance of double taxation with regard to taxes on income.
The changes take into account Poland’s tax policy and the solutions provided for in the OECD BEPS (Base Erosion and Profit Shifting) project in terms of sealing the international tax system and combating tax fraud.
It often happens that goods of a Polish or foreign entrepreneur are delivered to a warehouse located in Poland, and from there the further sales (including foreign sales) are planned. Sales to private individuals from Poland abroad (B2C) are so-called distant sale to a person who is not a VAT payer. In this situation some entrepreneurs wonder when VAT shall be paid in Poland and under what circumstances in the destination country. This question is important because possible omissions in this respect may lead to liability for non-payment of the tax due. Entrepreneurs should also think about the documents used to confirm payment of VAT due abroad in order to avoid additional taxation in Poland.
The distance sales of goods concern the supply of goods to a private individual (B2C), where the goods are dispatched or transported from one Member State to another. An example of such situation is the sale of goods from a warehouse located in Poland to a private individual in Germany. The distance sale from Poland is currently taxable in the Member State of dispatch of the goods, unless this sale exceeds the distance sales limit to the country of destination or a declaration to the tax office for voluntary taxation in that country was submitted. These rules will change in 2021.
The Ministry of Finance announced the introduction of the first VAT simplification package – SLIM VAT (simple, local and modern). The planned changes concern four areas: invoicing, export, exchange rates, financial benefits. Entrepreneurs should already be informed about the changes and their consequences for their business.
Since 1 July 2020, new rules on chain transaction taxation have been in force in Poland in connection with Council Directive (EU) 2018/1910 of 4 December 2018. The new rules are aimed at harmonising the settlement of chain transactions across the EU.
On 1st July, the regulations implementing the provisions of the EU Directive 2018/1910 (the so-called quick fixes package) concerning, among others, the sale of goods using the call-of-stock procedure entered into force. The mentioned directive unified the regulations of EU countries, among other things, with regard to the rules of taxation of supply of goods to other EU countries. Thanks to the new regulations, companies moving products from one EU country to another for later sale will avoid the obligation to additionally register as VAT payers in the country of destination of goods.
The transfer pricing regulations in force since January 2019 have introduced numerous changes in this respect, such as for example:
- new documentation thresholds,
- the obligation for related entities to submit information on transfer prices TPR-C (legal persons) or TPR-P (natural persons) to the Head of the National Fiscal Administration,
- an obligation to make a statement confirming that the transfer pricing documentation has been prepared and that the transactions are carried out on arm’s length principle.
From 1 July 2020 VAT on the import of goods to Poland can be settled directly in the tax declaration. Previously, this required a special permit. The aim of the amendment is to improve the competitiveness of Polish ports, which until now have been losing the battle for the customer with i.a. German and Dutch ports. In these countries, the possibility of non-cash settlement of imports for all taxpayers has been long provided for. The new rules for settlement of the VAT will avoid freezing of funds and will have a positive impact on the financial liquidity of companies.